Wednesday, May 20, 2020
Character Analysis of Reverend Parris If it were not because of the self-preserving and greedy nature, also the paranoia of the people in Salem, the Salem Witch Trials of 1692 would most likely not have occurred. One of those people is Reverend Parris, who is the minister of the church in The Crucible. All Reverend Parris cares about is his reputation/good name and the amount of wealth he has. He is paranoid that there is a faction of townspeople that are trying to get him thrown out of his position. Because of his need to preserve his good name he goes along with the false proceedings of the witch trials. In the end he starts to doubt the trials for the same reason. He also suppresses evidence that would have discredited the court, butÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Finally, Parris is a paranoid and fearful man. He thinks that everyone is out to get him and relieve him of his position as minister. He thinks that there is a faction within his church that wishes to overthrow him and would do anything to get him removed. He knows that if this faction discovers what his niece and daughter did it could lead him to be fired from his job, as he says to ThomasShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of Nathaniel Hawthorne s The Scarlet Letter 1452 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesJunhee Chung A.P English Language August 20, 2015 Novel Analysis Assignment The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne Plot and Conflict The Crucible is a story that revolves around the Salem Witch Trials. The novel takes place in Salem Massachusetts in 1692. It starts off with the local pastor, Reverend Parris, catching a group of girls, one of them his daughter and one of them being his niece, practicing witchcraft in the woods. Abigail is the leader of the group of girls, and her motive forRead MoreAnalysis Of Arthur Miller s The Crucible Essay1424 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMatthew Shults A.P. English Language August 11, 2014 Novel Analysis Assignment The Crucible by Arthur Miller Plot and Conflict The Crucible is a play that takes place in the 17 century in Salem, Massachusetts. As the play starts, Reverend Parris caught some girls naked dancing in the woods. Apparently the girls where stirring up spirits and to escape the punishment of the accusations of being witches, they blame other women in Salem. Later on in the play, Elizabeth Proctor finds out about John ProctorRead More Comparing Salem Possessed by Paul Boyer, The Story of the Salem Witch Trials by Bryan Le Beau, and Devil in the Shape of a Woman by Carol Karlsen1819 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesinstance involving Betty Parris, Abigail Williams, and Ann Putnam, 3 young girls in the village. (Dufour, 248) The girls were caught performing fortune-telling rituals in the woods outside the village. The claimed at the time that they were trying to find information on the type of man that would be most suitable for them to marry. Soon after this event the girls began to experience hysterical type fits. These fits prompted Rever end Samuel Parris, the father of Betty Parris, to call on authoritiesRead MoreAnalysis Of Rebecca Nurse962 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWhen reading the play The Crucible by Arthur Miller the character Rebecca Nurse can be analyzed. When analyzing her, she can be portrayed as a very retinal character that always keeps a level head. This means she never jumps to conclusions and stays calm and collected. Then Rebecca nurse renders herself as an honest old women throughout the play. Because of this, it makes her very well respected. Lastly, Rebecca Nurse displays herself as a figure highly motivated by religion. This allows her toRead MoreThe Voice Of Reason By Arthur Miller s The Crucible1379 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesguilt, Miller creates the dynamic character Reverend Hale. As Hale struggles with overcoming his own flaws, he transforms from a zealous man focused on gaining respect into the voice of reason amidst the chaos and corruption of the court. Throughout his character development, Hale challenges the authority figures of Salem as he becomes more skeptical, fights against his own Puritan ideals and accepts his role as a tragic figure. Upon being first introduced, Reverend Hale is described as a confidentRead MoreCompare And Contrast Reverend Hale And The Crucible774 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesA Tragic Hero This short essay will delve into character analysis of two characters from The Crucible by Arthur Miller. I will be discussing a few qualities of Reverend Hale and John Proctor, and also arguing why I believe that John Proctor is the tragic hero of the story. Reverend Hale is a man who comes to Salem with a mission. He had recently discovered witchcraft in his own town where he was the minister, and now his services were being requested elsewhere (Miller, 9). His talents were becomingRead MoreAnalysis Of The Crucible Essay1890 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesMy time travel experience to the 1600Ã¢â¬â¢s started in Paul Green Theatre as I sat down to watch The Crucible. I was joined by Reverend Samuel Parris, Betty Parris, and audience members taking up all four corners of the ParrisÃ¢â¬â¢ upper bedroom in 15th century Salem on the center stage during Act 1. The ParrisÃ¢â¬â¢ house filled up quickly as we saw Betty Parris bed-ridden and dealing with an illness deemed as the devilÃ¢â¬â¢s work by members of the Salem community. The hysteria of witchcraft spread immediately throughoutRead MoreEssay about A Character Analysis John Proctor888 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesA Character Analysis of John Proctor In order to maintain oneÃ¢â¬â¢s dignity, one must assume the responsibility for oneÃ¢â¬â¢s actions whatever the outcome. In Arthur MillerÃ¢â¬â¢s play Ã¢â¬Å" The Crucible,Ã¢â¬ John Proctor is a flawed character at the beginning of the play, but by the end he redeems himself and pays the ultimate price because he chooses to act by striving to uphold justice for his wife, his friends and himself. The righteous nature of John Proctor to always seek the truth and denounce those who abuseRead MoreAnalysis Of Arthur Miller s The Crucible 961 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Movie paper analysis of The crucible The circumstance brought upon a person can change them greatly. The Crucible edited and rewritten by Arthur Miller, is a movie which takes place in Salem, Massachusetts in 1692. The leading actors are Daniel Day-Lewis as Proctor, Winona Ryder as Abigail, Paul Scofield as Judge Danforth, Joan Allen as Elizabeth, Bruce Davison as Parris, and Rob Campbell as Hale. It was directed by Nicholas Hytner and was Based on the witch hunt which surrounded MassachusettsRead MoreThe Crucible: a Literary Analysis1275 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Crucible: A Literary Analysis In 1692, Salem was populated by Puritans who believed in black-and-white lines between good and evil. The powers of darkness were real forces to them, which could wreak havoc and destruction on society if unleashed. The system of government was that God was the true leader of society, and he expressed his will through the actions of men and women. In the Old Testament, we hear stories of how God led directly through Moses; Salem, likewise, was led through men who
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Furthermore, inflammation is linked with bipolar disorder and can explain some of the comorbidities such as diabetes, heart disease, and obesity, that result in decreased life expectancy. Inflammatory molecules are produced in the periphery by immune cells such as helper T cells and macrophages, in response to pathogens or cell damage. The proinflammatory molecules produced in the body can stimulate the microglia and other neuroimmune cells, by entering the brain through regions where the blood brain barrier (BBB) is more permeable, by active transport through the endothelial cells that make up the BBB, or by vagal nerve signalling (Muneer). The presence of inflammatory molecules in the brain stimulates the microglia to releaseÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦While the familial linkage of bipolar disorder has been recognized for many years, recent developments in genetic technologies have greatly improved our understanding of how exactly genes play a role in the diseaseÃ¢â¬â¢s dev elopment. Many mutations and genetic polymorphisms have been related to bipolar disorder. Some of these cause mitochondrial ETC malfunction, while others affect protein receptors, and other still affect the methylation of neuronal axons. One interesting advancement involves our understanding of epigenetics (Caddock). While genetic predispositions play a major role in bipolar development, environmental stressors interact with genes by way of epigenetic markers, upregulating and downregulating their expression. In the nucleus, DNA is packaged around proteins called histones. These proteins have tails that bind to either methyl or acetyl molecules. If a segment of DNA is methylated, the DNA clumps together so DNA polymerase cannot reach it, and thus the gene is down regulated. Acetylation on the other hand allows the DNA to uncoil and replicating enzymes are able to make mRNA and subsequently proteins from that region. Epigenetics is important in bipolar disorder as it relates to a molecule called brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). BDNF is negatively correlated with mood episodeShow MoreRelatedEssay Bipolar Disorder1447 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesBipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness affects about 1.2 percent of the U.S. population (8). It is defined by fluctuating states of depression and mania throughout ones life. Those who are depressed may be restless, irritable, have slowed thinking or speech, decreased sexual activity, changes in appetite and sleep patterns, suicidal thoughts as well as other changes. Those in a manic state may have increased activity or energy, more thoughts and faster thinkingRead MoreBipolar Disorder Essay1615 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesBipolar disorder, also commonly referred to as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual and heightened swings in a personÃ¢â¬â¢s mood, energy level, and ability to function. The symptoms of bipolar disorder can be severe and therefore, they are quite different from the normal shifts in mood that everyone goes through on a daily basis. The effects of bipolar disorder can result in broken relationships, poor performance at wor k or school, self-mutilation, and even suicide. HoweverRead MoreBipolar Disorder Essay844 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBipolar disorder also known as manic depression has always been a mystery since the 16th century. History has shown that it can appear in almost everyone. Bipolar disorder causes mood swings in energy, thinking, and other behavior. Having a bipolar disorder can be very disabling (Kapczinski). A study was evaluated and about 1.3% of the U.S population of people suffers from bipolar disorder. Stressors and environmental influences can trigger and cause a person to go through numerous episodes. BipolarRead More Bipolar Disorder and the Essay979 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBipolar Disorder and the War on Drugs Bipolar disorder, also known as, manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that results in unusual shifts in a persons mood, energy, and ability to function. More than two million American adults (or, about one per cent of the population aged eighteen and older in any given year) are afflicted by this affective disorder (1). Yet, because it cannot be revealed by a blood test or other physiological means, patients may suffer for years before it isRead MoreEssay on Bipolar Disorder 1279 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMental illness comes in many forms one of the most prevalent forms facing people today is depression. The realm of depression encompasses many different types and forms, some of these are, Seasonal Affect Disorder commonly called SAD, Bipolar Disorder, Postpartum, Chronic Depression, and situational depression to name a few. When many people think about depression they think about a person who is stereotypically down on life. However they donÃ¢â¬â¢t see the people who suffer from extreme highs, as wellRead MoreEssay on bipolar disorder502 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages Bipolar Disorder also known as Manic Depressive Illness involves outstanding mood swings. The individual has periods of depression, and periods when they feel either unusually good or pressured and irritable. It affects 1-2% of the population. Genetics plays a significant role. About 15% of children with one bipolar parent develop the disorder. Treatments include medication, supportive psychotherapy and occasionally ECT. Medications include lithium, anticonvulsant drugs (carbamazepine (Tegretol)Read MoreEssay on Bipolar Disorder1556 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesBipolar Disorder The aspect of bipolar disorder has been a mystery since the 16th century. It was rumored that Vincent Van Gough suffered from bipolar disorder. There is a large group of people suffering from this disorder, however there are no causes or cures for it. Bipolar disorder impairs oneÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to obtain and sustain social and occupational success. The journey for even a cause will continue for many years to come. Affective disorders are characterized by a depressedRead MoreBipolar Disorder Essay1351 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¢â¬â¹Bipolar Disorder, also known as a manic depressive illness, is classified as a brain disorder; that causes unusual shifts in the mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry-out day to day tasks. The majority of bipolar individuals experience alternating episodes of mania such as an elevated or euphoric mood or irritable state (US Department of Health 1) (Thackey 127). Bipolar Disorder falls under the category of a mood disorder, 3% of the general population suffers from bipolar disorderRead More Bipolar Disorder Essay1536 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesBipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder is a type of manic depression classified by those affected having extreme polar opposite emotions. Those who suffer from bipolar disorder, go from extreme highs (mania) to very lows, (depression). Because this illness deals with such drastic changes in behavior, it is essential that those who suffer take medical action in treatment of their disorder, unlike other depressions that may be treated with therapy only. Medical treatment with the useRead More Bipolar Disorder Essay1022 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;I have been diagnosed with what is called a Bipolar disorder. For all of my life I have been moody, so I guess when my I had mood swings my parents chalked it up to being a teenager. I always knew that it was more than just moodiness, but I had no idea what was wrong with me. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;When I am in a manic state I feel empowered and clever. In this phase, people find me very charismatic I also love myself and others and am very creative
Facts, Fiction and Argumentative Essay Topics for Christians What You Should Do to Find Out About Argumentative Essay Topics for Christians Before You're Left Behind Consider what you will discuss in your essay to assist you determine what you ought to have in your introduction. It's possible to buy argumentative essay at their site. It's possible to learn to compose an argumentative essay by following some typical steps for writing an essay together with by doing some things which are required for argumentative essays, like citing your sources. If you have to create a descriptive essay within a broader writing prompt, you can want to find some insight on how best to compose the other styles of essay writing. You don't need to acquire super technical with legal argumentative essays, but make sure you do your homework on what the recent laws about your preferred topic actually say. Before writing argumentative essay, a suitable comprehension of the subject needs to be developed, and relevant and authentic material ought to be used. A thriving introduction has the ability to give a summary of the information which the readers will be receiving in the essay. Remember your introduction should determine the principal idea of your argumentative essay and function as a preview to your essay. The second thing that you ought to take care of once you choose the title is to maintain in mind five forms of argument claims. It's a fact that there aren't any versify around the Scriptures which says, Thou shalt by no means execute Pontoon, but it's false the simple fact that the Somebody won't ever handle gambling. When you're picking your topic, remember that it's much simpler to write about somet hing which you presently have interest ineven in case you don't know a great deal about it. There's always time to return and fix sentences so as to bring a mature, astute voice to your essay. Top Choices of Argumentative Essay Topics for Christians It's really now much simpler than ever ahead of time of to fulfill Christian singles on-line and I'm not composing about all of the relationship web websites. When you day online, you get a lot more dates than you would get in authentic way of life. There's something for everybody in here. Speaking about something you understand well makes it a lot easier and enjoyable! Folks usually lie simply to get the things that they want. Simply because Christians, we'll need to be quite careful pertaining to our arguments. Education scholars are continuously evolving the way that they think about how we learn and what's taught. Knowledge is made up of distinctive sort of relationship between different ideas. The Tried and True Method f or Argumentative Essay Topics for Christians in Step by Step Detail It is essential that the whole essay relate to the major subject, so make sure to do not stray from the primary point of your essay. It is possible to buy argumentative essay from a specialist writer. An argumentative essay requires you to choose a topic and have a position on it. You should also make sure to put in your argumentative essay Ask for clarification. You're a true topic enthusiast! You're able to pick topics from assorted lists of ready themes. Quite frequently, the very best topic is one which you truly care about, but you also will need to get ready to research it. The simplest way to select a persuasive essay topic is to explore a present issue. Details of Argumentative Essay Topics for Christians Before you finish working on your essay, you have to make sure you have cited all your sources utilizing the suitable format. Our crew of professional writers with the crucial experience and writing skills is always prepared to fulfill your demands and exceed your expectations. By way of example, in college, you might be requested to compose a paper from the opposing standpoint. You can be totally sure your paper is going to be delivered in time and be of the maximum quality. The most significant thing you want to keep in mind is the general requirements which ought to be met by the topic of any academic paper. You would possibly discover that almost all of your matter may just be supported by means of a consideration of character alone. Discover which of the topics, you presently have a fairly good background on which will make it possible for you to have a relative edge. Some people may think that the excellent content might be written on any topic and the paper success is dependent just on the mastery of the writer.
Thursday, April 23, 2020
Jewish and Christian opinions on Usury Researchers believe that the Christian and Jewish theorist have varied opinions when it comes to the issue of lending money. They have notable differences concerning the study of medieval European view which was meant to prevent taking interests on loans.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The History of Economic Analysis specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The insights and governing interpretations of the medieval Rabbis on interest rates are that Talmud and Scripture prohibits it with respect to the law of natural justice. In theory, the natural justice principles guarantee no opposition to the contract entered into by both parties (Kirshenbaum 282). It is very fair to charge a normal rate of interest on loan despite the irrational lending terms put on the borrower by the creditor. In case the borrower leaves the nation without repaying the cash owed, the creditor will bear the loss. Moreover, circumstances of monetary failure of the debtor are putting the creditor in trouble of losing the full loan. Therefore, the creditor cannot benefit from using his money during the loan period. Compensation is necessary to the creditors for the shortages and risks they undergo during the time of lending (Temin and Voth 551). The example of a clouded legislation is the Jewish prohibition of lending money free of charge or at set charges. The scholars openly state that the scriptures instructed the Israelites to carry out their activities in a manner that manifests care and sympathy. In contrast, most financial philosophers uphold their overriding position that charging interest on the cash lent is not against the decree of natural justice. Ruling out the interest charged as indicated in the bible corresponds to morality. Thus, using this can help in explaining Usury (Benmelech and Moskowitz 1041). Theorists used the emerging concerns on Usury from the medieval interpre ters. In fact, they could also refer to early sources that explain the charged interests on loans. The patristic inscriptions and the church councils clearly state that the Christian tradition denounced Usury during money lending. This was long back in the year 1000. Usury was rather prehistoric until that time, and its definition was just unclear (Farooq 267). In fact, not even a lone effort tried to define what comprised the loan, though Usury emerged probably because of loans. The reimbursement of Usury prescription was not a contract neither was it an offense against justice. At the same time, encouraging Usury was an offense and condemning it was an apparent look of discrepancy.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The medieval financial researchers educated that lending with interest on top entailed infringing the natural justice. In the 11th century, Ivo from Chartres, and Anselm from Canterbury were the first individuals to link Usury to theft. An affirmation by Auxerre William that Usury was contrary to the natural law came just a century later (Labat and Block 383). When arguing about lending money, contradicting opinions emerged between the Jews and the Christians. Some supported lending money without payment while others were on the contrary. Therefore, Aquinas Thomas formulated and presented some controls regarding the charged interests on loaned funds. Aquinas saw that it was unfair for the creditor to gain interest or profit from the money lent out. It was clear that loan entailed the shift of monetary rights from the creditor to the debtor. Further, it is an injustice to receive extra money from a lesser amount (Farooq 56). Aquinas said that money had no regular or permanent value. It was the determinant of value for everything. Thus, money cannot be one of the terms of sale, but a scheme connecting the two terms incorporated in the transact ion that is, lending, and repayment. The scholar noted that money has a trade value. It does not add to Usury. This implies that lending money at high interests is a natural way of reproducing money. The argument was founded majorly on the Roman decree. The guidelines stipulated that money does not bear fruits that one would look forward to obtain. Its value relies on the usage. In the contrary, Meeks (2011) learnt that borrowing money for trade fair purposes were subjected to payments (p.130). Hence, making a distinction in the monetary worth depends on its continuation value because the value differs from its main character. The other argument by the popular non-Thomastic was that there existed a complete return on the original money lent. It was against Usury since it represented morals that were contrary to the nature of sales during that time (Persky 231). In the nineteenth century, a rational economic concern caused divergence between the Western honorable and Catholicism. Thi s fostered the submissions of the secular and Protestants that were considered unimportant following the supervision charge of the Holly Office of the Roman congregation. The catholic ethics and canon guaranteed that everybody including the faithful could observe interests as material permitted in the law (Valeri 152). There is no substantive characteristic between the profitable and individual charitable loans in the Jewish law. Scholars are still maintaining the early law of interest conserved in the Leviticus and Exodus (Smith 255). These laws restricted the prevention of loan giving to the poor though traditions abandoned this method of getting rich.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The History of Economic Analysis specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The Jewish prose legally proliferates with the matching thoughts and perceptions. The law specifies that when the transfer of the monetary possession between the de btor and the creditor is effectuated, the associated risks must be with the debtor. Money is an appraisal of value and should not be the subject of sale. Thus, its value changes depending on the purchasing power (Taeusch 302). There are differences between the Jewish and the Christians theoretical understanding of the biblical law on Usury. The prohibition of interest in the Jewish view was an example of confused legislation. To Christians, Usury was purportedly grounded on the natural sedek (Wann and Christi 171). These helped the Christians in understanding business and commerce. Today, it is easy to differentiate between profit-making finance and individual finance. The difference is without any doubt contained in the Catholic thinking. This has enabled Christians to remain timid that they should not prohibit what their teacher Moses allowed. History and the recent report on Usury in China The Chinese governments recognized Usury as a sin several years back. China therefore amend ed the bylaw to make sure that lenders acquire license. Moreover, it guaranteed that lenders should not be charging more than 60.0% on interest rates per year. In the recent years, the entire sum of small loans was approximately 5.60% of the whole money loaned in the market (Wann and Christi 170). Although there are big risks, the interest rate on loan is quite steady and acceptable. This has fostered rapid growth of business where development of the banking industry is slower. In China, there were no laws on Usury. It meant bearing costs for handling money or charging interest on loans. Today Usury may imply to lend out money at a rate of interest that is unlawful and excessively high. Therefore, it is a national offence to use warning or brutality while collecting interest rates on Usury. This act amounts to loan shirking, which is also applicable to the non-coercive lending to the customers (Persky 221). During the Han China and the Roman Empire, many people hardly worried about the concept of Usury. However, they tried to control the charged interest rates. When the Roman Empire collapsed, trade activities reduced, and Usury was disliked in the entire Europe ad West Asia (Persky 223).Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In the recent past, it was a surprise that China illegalized private lending. Not even the middle or diminutive business enterprises were qualified to overpass the financial support from the Chinese banks. However, in excess of 3.570 trillion Yuan illegal funds were financing the undersized and intermediate businesses in China. More than half of this financing took place in the hometown of Chinese. A ban on the private lending by the government is arbitrary and gradual. Many creditors are still charging as high as 70.06% on interest rates. The instigators collect funds from associates and relatives in view of the fact that loans are naturally unofficial. In fact, the hold back in the economy of China is forcing many debtors to flee to Wenzhou because they cannot reimburse the monthly interests. An incredibly sky-scraping profile on suicide is recorded because of Usury. Creditors have lost millions of dollars (Stuartbramhall 1). Most credit approaches are through fixed-up commercial structures and homes that have uncertain selling rights. In some circumstances, the government of China could impose the death sentence on Usury practices. For instance, for charging irrational rates of interest, a renowned millionaire in China faced the death penalty in the financial year 2009 (Stuartbramhall 1). The death sentence and credit crisis in the fiscal 2011 irritated the undersized and lawful business society. Thus, they forced the government to restructure and legalize private lending. This is helping the government to create confidential equity financing, macro-financing firms, and countryside banks. China Supreme Court has ordered for the retrial of the millionaireÃ¢â¬â¢s fatal penalty (Stuartbramhall 1). Works Cited Benmelech, Efraim and Moskowitz Tobias. Ã¢â¬Å"The Political Economy of Financial Regulation: Evidence from U.S. State Usury Laws in the 19th Century.Ã¢â¬ Journal of Finance, 65.3 (2012): 1029-1073. Print. Farooq, Muhammad. Ã¢â¬Å"Interest, Usury, an d its Impact on the Economy.Ã¢â¬ Dialogue (Pakistan), 7.3 (2012): 54-65. Print. Farooq, Muhammad. Ã¢â¬Å"Interest, Usury, and its Impact on the Economy.Ã¢â¬ Dialogue (1819-6462), 7.3 (2012): 265-276. Print. Kirshenbaum, Aaron. Ã¢â¬Å"Jewish and Christian Theories of Usury in the Middle Ages.Ã¢â¬ The Jewish Quarterly Review, 75.3 (1985): 270-289. Print. Labat, Alyssa, and Block Walter. Ã¢â¬Å"Money Does Not Grow on Trees: An Argument for Usury.Ã¢â¬ Journal of Business Ethics, 106.3 (2012): 383-387. Print. Meeks, Douglas. Ã¢â¬Å"The Peril of Usury in the Christian Tradition.Ã¢â¬ Interpretation: A Journal of Bible Theology, 65.2 (2011): 128-140. Print. Persky, Joseph. Ã¢â¬Å"Retrospectives: From Usury to Interest.Ã¢â¬ Journal of Economic Perspectives, 21.1 (2007): 227-36. Print. Smith, Helmut. Ã¢â¬Å"The Discourse of Usury: Relations between Christians and Jews in the German Countryside, 1880-1914.Ã¢â¬ Central European History (Brill Academic Publishers), 32.3 (19 99): 255. Print. Stuartbramhall 2012. The Most Revolutionary Act: The Loan Sharks behind ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s Economic Boom. Web. Taeusch, Carl. Ã¢â¬Å"The Concept of Ã¢â¬ËUsuryÃ¢â¬â¢ the History of an Idea.Ã¢â¬ Journal of the History of Ideas, 3.3(1942): 291-318. Print. Temin, Peter, and Voth Hans-Joachim. Ã¢â¬Å"Private borrowing during the financial revolution: HoareÃ¢â¬â¢s Bank and its customers, 1702Ã¢â¬â24.Ã¢â¬ Economic History Review, 61.3 (2008): 541-564. Print. Valeri, Mark. Ã¢â¬Å"The Christianization of Usury in Early Modern Europe.Ã¢â¬ Interpretation: A Journal of Bible Theology, 65.2 (2011): 142-152. Print. Wann, Garry and Christi Wann. Ã¢â¬Å"The History of Payday Lending In Arkansas.Ã¢â¬ Journal of the Academy of Business Economics, 12.1 (2012): 167-177. Print. This essay on The History of Economic Analysis was written and submitted by user Haylee Camacho to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Tuesday, March 17, 2020
The Medieval Church played a far greater role in every person's life than it does today. Medieval people believed that God, Heaven and Hell all existed and from the very earliest of ages, they were taught that the only way they could get to Heaven was if the Roman Catholic Church let them. Everybody would have been terrified of Hell and the people would have been told of the sheer horrors awaiting for them in Hell in the weekly services they attended. The control the Church had over the people was total. Peasants worked for free on Church land. This proved difficult for peasants as the time they spent working on Church land, could have been better spent working on their own plots of land producing food for their families. They paid 10% of what they earned in a year to the Church (this tax was called tithes). Tithes could be paid in either money or in goods produced by the peasant farmers. As peasants had little money, they almost always had to pay in seeds, harvested grain, animals etc. This usually caused a peasant a lot of hardship as seeds, for example, would be needed to feed a family the following year. What the Church got in tithes was kept in huge tithe barns; a lot of the stored grain would have been eaten by rats or poisoned by their urine. A failure to pay tithes, so the peasants were told by the Church, would lead to their souls going to Hell after they had died. This is one reason why the Church was so wealthy. Henry VIII dissolved the Church to get hold of the Catholic Church's money. People were too scared not to pay tithes despite the difficulties it meant for them. You also had to pay for baptisms (if you were not baptised you could not go to Heaven when you died), marriages (there were no couples living together in Medieval times as the Church taught that this equaled sin) and burials - you had to be buried on holy land if your soul was to get to heaven. Whichever way you looked, ... Dante Free Essays on Medieval Church/Dante The Medieval Church played a far greater role in every person's life than it does today. Medieval people believed that God, Heaven and Hell all existed and from the very earliest of ages, they were taught that the only way they could get to Heaven was if the Roman Catholic Church let them. Everybody would have been terrified of Hell and the people would have been told of the sheer horrors awaiting for them in Hell in the weekly services they attended. The control the Church had over the people was total. Peasants worked for free on Church land. This proved difficult for peasants as the time they spent working on Church land, could have been better spent working on their own plots of land producing food for their families. They paid 10% of what they earned in a year to the Church (this tax was called tithes). Tithes could be paid in either money or in goods produced by the peasant farmers. As peasants had little money, they almost always had to pay in seeds, harvested grain, animals etc. This usually caused a peasant a lot of hardship as seeds, for example, would be needed to feed a family the following year. What the Church got in tithes was kept in huge tithe barns; a lot of the stored grain would have been eaten by rats or poisoned by their urine. A failure to pay tithes, so the peasants were told by the Church, would lead to their souls going to Hell after they had died. This is one reason why the Church was so wealthy. Henry VIII dissolved the Church to get hold of the Catholic Church's money. People were too scared not to pay tithes despite the difficulties it meant for them. You also had to pay for baptisms (if you were not baptised you could not go to Heaven when you died), marriages (there were no couples living together in Medieval times as the Church taught that this equaled sin) and burials - you had to be buried on holy land if your soul was to get to heaven. Whichever way you looked, ...
Sunday, March 1, 2020
The New PSAT, Redesigned in 2015 Complete Guide SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips If you're a high school student planning on taking the PSAT, you'll be taking the new and redesigned PSAT. This new version of the test startedin October 2015was administeredto all students across the country. WeÃ¢â¬â¢ll let you know all about the PSATformat, scoring, and content and what you need to know to be prepared. Not only is the 2015 PSAT an important step in prepping for the SATs, but it also qualifies you for National Merit distinctions and scholarships. LetÃ¢â¬â¢s dive into the changes in format, scoring, and content being made to the redesigned PSAT and what these changes mean for your test prep. Changes in Format The new, redesigned PSAT is 35 minutes longer than the old PSAT. It clocks in at 2 hours and 45 minutes, rather than 2 hours and 10 minutes. Instead of five multiple-choice answers, the PSAT now offers only four. This means you have a better chance of getting the answer right if you guess! The following chart breaks down the time and number of questions per section: Section Time Number of Questions Reading 60 minutes 48 questions Writing and Language 35 minutes 44 questions Math 70 minutes 47 questions Total 165 minutes 139 questions What Format Changes in the New PSAT Mean for Your Prep The new test is longer, so train your focus. Since the test is still pretty new, there aren't a lot of official practice tests to take. So far, College Board has come out with two official sample PSATs, which you can download and score. Make sure to take note of the changes between this test and older versions. New PSAT Practice Test 1 - Answer Explanations- Score Your Test New PSAT Practice Test 2 - Answer Explanations - Score Your Test Since having only two practice tests gives you limited options, it's also a good idea to use older practice tests. If you are practicing with full-length old practice tests, give yourself an extra section to practice test-taking for that longer chunk of time. As you practice, take note of your energy and attention. Take short breaks and anything else you need to keep focus for that amount of time. The new PSAT also closely resembles the new SAT, which was firstadministered in Marchof 2016. Except for the fact that the PSAT doesn't have an essay, the two tests have very similar content, format, and even scoring. Because of this, you can also use these eight practice tests for the new SAT to prep, while still keeping an eye out for any differences between the new PSAT and new SAT. New SAT Practice Test 1 - Answer Key New SAT Practice Test 2 - Answer Key New SAT Practice Test 3 - Answer Key New SAT Practice Test 4 - Answer Key New SAT Practice Test 5 - Answer Key New SAT Practice Test 6 - Answer Key New SAT Practice Test 7 - Answer Key New SAT Practice Test 8 - Answer Key New SAT Practice Test 9 - Answer Key New SAT Practice Test 10 - Answer Key The new scoring system on the PSAT is designed to help you predict your SAT score. Below I'll explain thechanges in the scoring systemfor both the new PSAT and new SAT and how you can incorporate this awareness into your studying. Changes in Scoring The redesigned PSATisscored on a scaled between 320 and 1520. You can score on a range from 160 to 760 for Math and 160 to 760 for Evidence-Based Reading and Writing. In addition tothese section scores, your score report will also tell you subscores forMath, Reading, and Writing and Language between 8 and 38. This will give you a sense of which sections you're best at and where you need improvement.Unlike the old PSAT, the redesigned PSAT gives no penalties for wrong answers. The SAT returned to the 1600 scoring system it usedback in the day, before 2005. It now hasa maximum composite score of 800 for Math and 800 for Evidence-Based Reading and Writing combined. As I mentioned above, your PSAT score is meant to predict your SAT score. The PSAT scale doesn't go up to 1600 exactly since the SAT is a more difficult test than the PSAT. While a 1300 on the PSAT suggests you might score around a 1300 on the SAT, a perfect PSAT score doesn't necessarily guarantee perfection on the SAT. The two scoring scales coincide with one another, but the PSAT is shifted down to account for its differences in difficulty level. Keep this discrepancy in mind when interpreting your PSAT scores from your practice tests and the official test itself. Disappointed with your PSAT performance? Want to improve your PSAT score by 150 points? We have the industry's leading PSAT prep program. Built by Harvard grads and SAT full scorers, the program learns your strengths and weaknesses through advanced statistics, then customizes your prep program to you so you get the most effective prep possible. Check out our 5-day free trial today: What Scoring Changes in the Redesigned PSAT Mean for Your Prep Because they eliminated the wrong answer penalty, you donÃ¢â¬â¢t have to devise a strategy anymore for which questions to guess on and which to leave blank. Give all of them your best guess, even if you are unsure. If you leave any blank, save enough time at the end of each section to bubble in all your answers. When youÃ¢â¬â¢re taking a practice test, make sure to mark which ones are random guesses so you can review them when youÃ¢â¬â¢re finished. To make the most out of your practice tests, you want to really analyze why you missed a question and what you need to do- review content, work at a faster pace, etc.- to ace that question type the next time. Since the National Merit Scholarship Corporation is considering your composite score, rather than your section scores, all sections are important for qualifying for National Merit Semifinalist, Finalist, and scholarships. Changes in Content The changes that weremade to the content of the PSATmatch the revisions to the SAT. Overall, the content is more evidence- and context-based, featuring real world scenarios and data analysis. Emphasized skills include depth of analysis, interpretation of a word or idea in context, and multi-step problem solving. Check out the "Skills Crosswalk" for all three sections on College Board. Gone are the days of studying long lists of obscure vocabulary- the new PSAT (and SAT) tests that you understand the meaning and connotation of a word within the context of a passage. Similarly, grammar questions ask you to revise sentences within the context of passages, not as stand-alone sentences. All of the sections will include graphs and charts to test your ability to interpret, describe, and represent data visually or in words. The following example is taken from College BoardÃ¢â¬â¢s New PSAT Sample Questions for the math section. Math questions also include multi-step grid-in word problems. They are going to focus more on algebra and data analysis and less on geometry. The geometry problems that are still there ask you to solve problems involving area, volume, or line, angle, and triangle theorems. What This Means for Your Prep Focus on sharpening your skills of problem-solving, data interpretation, and understanding grammar and vocabulary through context. These skills are more connected to what you learn in class and real life. You can develop them through reading and writing widely and often, as well as by paying attention to data representation and analysis in your math and science classes. When youÃ¢â¬â¢re reading, take notes on the workÃ¢â¬â¢s structure and organization. Consider the passageÃ¢â¬â¢s theme, tone, style, etc. and make sure you can point to specific lines that support your ideas. Get a sense of the various connotations of words in different contexts, rather than memorizing lists of vocabulary. For example, Ã¢â¬Å"brilliantÃ¢â¬ may mean exceptionally smart when describing a person, but it suggests bright and vivid when describing a color. Many of the skills and knowledge being tested remain the same from the old PSAT- understanding of literary terms and elements, depth of analysis and interpretation, working knowledge of various mathematical concepts. The new PSAT asks you to go one step further: to back up your answer with evidence, whether it is from a passage or chart, and to understand the relationships among words and numbers. Don't stop here: check out our collection of free practice questions and full-length tests for the PSAT, plus learn more about how to use old practice tests and material to prep effectively for the new PSAT. PSAT Comparison Chart Below is a chart comparing key points for the old version of the PSAT and the new version of the exam. You can use this to quickly see some of the most important differences between the two tests. Former PSAT New PSAT Total Scoring Scale 60-240 320-1520 Section Score Scales Critical Reading: 20-80Math: 20-80Writing: 20-80 Evidence-Based Reading and Writing: 160-760Math: 160-760 Testing Time 2 hours and 10 minutes 2 hours and 45 minutes Number of Answer Choices 5 4 Guessing Penalty Lose Ã ¼ point for every incorrect answer No guessing penalty To Find Out More... To learn more about the changes from the test makers, check out College BoardÃ¢â¬â¢s site. As this site discusses the PSAT and SAT together, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll see the similarities in the two redesigns. The PSAT, unlike the SAT, still does not have an essay. Students who are taking the PSAT this fall donÃ¢â¬â¢t have as much practice material as past classes had, but you can still prep very effectively and get a high score if you are aware of the changes. As time goes on, more and more practice material for the new PSAT will become available. WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s Next? What scores do you need to qualify for the National Merit Scholarship? Read about what scores qualify on the new PSAT scoring scale. How can you win a National Merit Scholarship? We describe the different kinds of scholarships and what you need to do to qualify. Curious about the SAT changes that were implemented in2016? Read our detailed guide to the redesigned SAT. Want to get a perfect SAT score? Read about what it takes from an SAT perfect scorer. Want to improve your SAT score by 160points or your ACT score by 4 points?We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Download it for free now:
Thursday, February 13, 2020
Property Cycles - UK Experience - Essay Example The above described cycles have been proved to have a significant role on the development of national economy (or its decrease during periods of recession). The research focuses on the effects of property cycles on the economy of Britain as these effects can be observed on the daily consumption behaviour of people across Britain. All parts of the property market development as well as the risks that are related with the specific part of the economy are going to be analyzed emphasizing on the potential use of property cycles in order to support the local economy. Generally, it could be stated that the property market is characterized by continuous and radical changes. The specific issue has been examined by Pain et al. (1994, 53) who noticed that Ã¢â¬Ëthe behaviour of the personal sector has changed markedly over the past 15 years, coinciding with a period in which overall consumers expenditure proved extremely difficult to forecast with any degree of accuracyÃ¢â¬â¢. Because of the above phenomenon, the national economy Ã¢â¬â which is closely related with the property market - faces severe turbulences by achieving a significant level of growth when the prices of houses are increased and having severe losses in periods that the prices of houses are decreased because of the lack of monetary resources available that they could help the enhancement of the property market. In a relevant research published by National Statistics Online (2007) it was revealed that Ã¢â¬Ëa feature of home ownership in the United Kingdom is the relatively lar ge number of homes purchased with a mortgage; approximately three quarters of house purchases are financed with a mortgage loan facilityÃ¢â¬â¢. This means that consumers in Britain cannot afford the purchase of a new house and for this reason they seek for the support of the financial institutions. However, if taking into account the fact that borrowing cannot be increased on a continuous basis (such a fact could lead the national economy to severe